Broncoalveolar lavage (BAL): Rhodococcus equi – Shipped February 2014
The challenge was sent to category A laboratories. The sample was a simulated bronchoalveolar lavage obtained from a 38 year old HIV+ patient with pneumonia.
Laboratories were expected to isolate, identify, and report Rhodococcus equi. This is the first time CMPT has sent this organism in a PT challenge.
MAIN EDUCATIONAL POINTS from M134-5
- Rhodococcus equi is of clinical importance, especially in the immunocompromised host, due to the potential for serious complications and the difficulty in treating patients with Rhodococcus infection.
- It is crucial to differentiate Rhodococcus equi from Corynebacterium species, and avoid calling it a contaminant.